Curriculum Infusion Model
for African & African American
Historical and Cultural Studies
Developed by Dr. Edward W. Crosby, PhD
Founder and Member, Board of Governors
Ms. Angela M. Anderson, MBA
Chief Administrative and Fiscal Officer
An Introductory Note
The Infusion Model's learning standards are presented under the focus areas (in bold) for each grade level K thru 6 and indicate, but without any particular sequence order implied, what each grade level teacher should infuse into his or her lesson plans and all subject areas of the standard curriculum (see the sample Curriculum Matrix). That is, Language Arts, Social Studies, Citizenship, Science, Mathematics and Reading for that particular standard. The focus areas are not given to limit or restrict the instructors' ability to choose the material they want their students to learn so long as they remain within their students capabilities. Those focus areas without suggested emphasis areas allow the teacher to search the Internet for relevant information. Moreover, it should be obvious that, if an instructor is unfamiliar with a focus area and/or standard, she/he can enter the subject, an individual's name, etc. in the Google search engine at: http://www,google.com/. Google will, then, quickly retrieve a number of Web sites with information on the subject.
Using the Internet is easy; however, it will consume large amounts of time, for teachers will have to read, scan or peruse the information found to see if it is exactly the information they wanted to find, and, if not, continue to search. At the end of this Infusion Model, we have listed a number of links that address several of the areas suggested plus maps, African counting games, internet research subjects, Black Experience video tapes and several instruction aids. This should help reduce the time required to find suitable information. Moreover, it is, then, imperative for teachers to use the comprehensive Web links to educational resources in the Academy's "Selected Bibliography," on the Academy's Web site. This bibliography provides (by scrolling up) not only relevant links to cultural infusion resources but also provides teachers with a wealth of books on African and African American life, history and culture. Additional information on the Academy its Board members, administrators, faculty, educational philosophy, registration and employment applications, and much more can be accessed at: http://hierographics.org/Academylndex.shtml.
Teachers are expected, during the course of the academic year, to teach as much as possible of each subject area suggested for each grade level. Teachers may, of course, have to make adjustments as they develop their lesson plans to assure their instruction of each subject area is grade specific. What is expected, moreover, is that teachers will have tried to have their students introduced to and learn as much as they can in each grade. It is also expected that enterprising teachers will periodically weekly, monthly and at the end of each grading period examine their students to ascertain exactly how much their students have retained not only of the infused content, but also of the ODE mandated curriculum. Most importantly, all teachers are expected to study these Infusion Model standards carefully and, as members of a committed instructional team, offer to team members constructive criticisms, new ideas, possible teaching methodologies, suggestions for improvement, etc.
Knowing Your World and Place in It
Find the United States on a Map of the World
Find Ohio and surrounding states on a Map of the United States
Find Africa, Europe, Asia, Australia, Iraq, Arabia, Russia, China on a Map of the World
Names of African Nations
Find any 10 of African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short description.
Locations of African Ethnic Groups
Locate these Ethnic Groups in African Nations: Yoroba, Masai, Kikuyu,
Hausa, Ewe, Akan, Zulu
Locate where descendents of these Ethnic Groups may live in the United States
Names of Native Peoples and Languages Spoken in these Locations
South Africa, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Egypt, Guinea, Angola
The Ida B. Wells Community Academy Pledge
(Should be memorized, recited daily, and displayed with an overhead
during the morning ssembly.)
I am a student of the Ida B. Wells Community Academy, and I want to learn.
I pledge to uphold all rules and policies the Academy has established.
I pledge to study a lot and to complete my home work assignments,
I pledge to attend school regularly and to always pay attention in class.
I pledge to be loyal, to show school spirit, to be proud and to respect myself,
My fellow students, my teachers, my parents, and the Academy.
I pledge to strive for excellence in my studies and to learn to read by reading.
I pledge to be proud of my community, my neighborhood, and my home.
I pledge never to forget the greatness of my African American heritage.
I pledge to behave at the Academy, at home, and in the community according to
This pledge I make freely with loyalty, enthusiasm, concern and understanding.
I AM SOMEBODYI I AM PROUD OF WHO I AM!
Names of African Nations
Find any 20 African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short national details.
Classical African Civilizations
Kush, Axum, Nubia, Songhay, Ghana, Egyptian, Meroe,
Mali, Great Zimbabwe, Kanem Bornu
Names of Early African Explorers In the Americas and Elsewhere
Abu Bakari II, Estavanico, Pedro Alonzo Nino, Mandingo Merchants, Nuflo
Kashkash Ibn Saeed ibn Aswad, Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, Ibn Battuta, Leo Africanus
Martin R. Delany, Matthew A. Henson
African Americans in the American West
Bill Pickett, Deadwood Dick, Jim Pierson Beckwourth, Isom Dart
Nat Love, Mammy Pleasant, Willis Meade
Names of the Rivers of Africa
Niger, Congo, Zambezi, Limpopo, Nile (White and Blue), Orange, Volta, Benue
Memorizing the Academy Pledge
Names of African Nations
Find any 30 African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short national details.
Names of Rivers, Deserts, and Mountains of Africa
Niger, Congo, Zambizi, Limpopo, Nile, Sahara, Kalahari, Atlas Mountains,
Mt. Kilimanjaro, Mountains of the Moon
How Africans Came to America
pre-Columbian Explorers, Indentured Servants, Enslaved Africans
Those Who Came as Visitors
Abu Bakari II: Africa's Greatest Explorer, Estavanico, Cinque and the Amistad
Those Who Were Forced to Come Against Their Wills
Akan, Yoruba, Twi, Mandingo, Moors, Hausa, lgbo, Fulani
Senufo, Malinke, Guro, Ewe, Berbers
Kwanzaa: Founder, Purpose, Meaning
Founded in 1965 by Dr. Maulana Karenga
See Karenga's Kwanzaa: Origin, Concepts, Practice. San Diego: Kawaida Publications, 1977
Names of African Nations
Find any 35 African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short national details.
What Enslavement was Like
The Slave Family, The Peculiar Institution, Slave Narratives
Life of Olaudah Equiano (Gustavus Vassa), Soloman Northup
How Africans Resisted Enslavement
Maroonage, Slave Revolts, Steal Away, Puffin' Ole Massa On, Underground
Martin R. Delany, Frederic Douglass, Henry Highland Garnet, Edward W ilmot Blyden
David Walker, Nat Turner, Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth
Walker's Appeal, Nat Turner's Revolt, Sojourner's "Ain't I a Woman"
Harriet Tubman: Moses of Her People
Take the Underground Railroad with
Harriet Tubman, William Grant Still, Levi Coffin
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Re-emphasizing the Principles of Kwanzaa
THE NGUZO SABA
(or The Seven Principles)
|UMOJA (OO-MOH-JAH) UNITY TO STRIVE FOR AND MAINTAIN
UNITY IN ALL OF OUR EFFORTS, WITHOUT UNITY, THERE IS NOTHING.
KUJICHAGULIA (KOO-GEE-CHAH-GOO-LEE-AH) SELF-DETERMINATON TO DEFINE, NAME, CREATE AND SPEAK FOR OURSELVES.
UJIMA (OO-JEE-MAH) COLLECTIVE WORK AND RESPONSIBILITY TO BUILD, MAINTAIN AND SUPPORT THE BLACK COMMUNITY, MAKE OUR SISTER'S AND BROTHER'S PRO- BLEMS, OUR PROBLEMS, AND SOLVE THEM TOGETHER.
UJAMAA (OO-JA-MAH-AH) COOPERATIVE ECONOMICS TO BUILD AND MAINTAIN OUR OWN STORES, SHOPS AND OTHER BUSINESSES AND TO PROFIT FROM THEM TOGETHER.
NIA (NEE-AH) PURPOSE TO MAKE OUR COLLECTIVE VOCATION THE BUILDING AND DEVELOPING OF OUR COMMUNITY IN ORDER TO RESTORE OUR PEOPLE TO THEIR TRADITIONAL GREATNESS.
KUUMBA (KOO-OOM-BAH) CREATIVITY TO DO ALWAYS AS MUCH AS WE CAN, IN THE WAY WE CAN, IN ORDER TO LEAVE OUR COMMUNITY MORE BEAUTIFUL AND BENEFICIAL THAN WHEN WE INHERITED IT.
IMANI (E-MAN-NEE) FAITH TO BELIEVE WITH ALL OUR HEARTS IN OUR PEOPLE, OUR PARENTS, OUR TEACHERS, OUR LEADERS AND THE RIGHTEOUSNESS AND VICTORY OF OUR STRUGGLE.
* * * *
UNCONDITIONAL LOVE OF SELF, LOVE FAMILY, COMMUNITY AND
Names of African Nations
Find any 40 African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short national details.
Five Great Spirituals: The Epics of a People
"Precious Lord, Take My Hand," "Go Down Moses"
"I've Been 'Buked, I've Been Scorned, His Eye Is On the Sparrow"
"Amazing Grace," "Swing Low Sweet Chariot"
African American Inventors -- Men and Women
Lewis H. Latimer, Virgie Simmons, George Washington Carver, Louise H.
Norbert Rillieux, Patricia Bath, MD, Granville T. Woods, Miriam E. Benjamin
Garrett A. Morgan, Theora Stephens, Madam C.J. Walker, Elijah McCoy
Harlem Renaissance: What Was It?
The Great African American Mass Movements
Pap Singleton, Bishop Henry McNeil Turner, Marcus Garvey, Noble Drew
Sweet Daddy Grace, Father Divine
African American: Writers
Langston Hughes, Paul Lawrence Dunbar, Claude McKay, CounteeCullen
Gwendolyn Brooks, W.E.B. DuBois, Henry Dumas, Maya Angelou, James Baldwin
Margaret Walker, Alice Walker, Ama Bontemps, Toni Cade Bambara
From Phyllis Wheatley to Toni Morrison:
African American Women Writers
For a general alphabetical listing, click here:
Names of African Nations
Find any 45 African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short national details.
Ghana, Mali, and Songhay Civilizations
Life of Ida B. Wells
Life of Benjamin Banneker
Life of Charles Drew
Life of Daniel Hale Williams
Life of Mary Mcleod Bethune
African American Artists: Dancers, Musicians, Painters
Katherine Dunham, Elizabeth Catlett, John Biggers, Charles White, Pearl
Henry Ossawa Tanner, Jacob Lawrence, Sissieretta Jones, Duke Ellington
Count Bassie, Josephine Baker, Bessie Smith
Against the Odds: African American Athletes and Scientists
Charles Drew, George Washington Carver, Jack Johnson, "Hammering Hank"
Jim Brown, Percy Lavon Julian, Mamie "Peanut" Johnson, Ernest Just, Jesse Owens, Joe Lewis, Pele,
Henry Aaron, Daniel Hale Williams, Althea Gipson,
Overcoming Racism and Apartheid
Ida B. Wells, Frederick Douglass, Martin R.-Delany, Martin Luther King
W.E.B. Du Bois, Oliver Tambo, Malcolm X, Walter White, Nelson Mandela
Queen Mother Moore, Mary McLeod Bethune
Names of African Nations
Find all 53 African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short national details.
Capital Cities of Modern African Nations
List the Capital Cities for All 53 African Nations
Ten Historical Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)
Tuskegee University, Spelman College, Atlanta University, Hampton
Howard University, Lincoln University (Pa), Morehouse, Bethune-Cookman
Wilberforce, Texas Southern, Dillard University
African and African American Folklore and Proverbs
John Henry, Stagolee, Brer Rabbit, People Who Could Fly, Signifying
Monkey, High John the Conqueror
Ananse Tales, Dolomite, Jack and the Devil's Daughter, The Old man Who Wouldn't Take Advice
Read Langston Hughes
ReadPaul Laurence Dunbar
Read Zora Neale Hurston
The Foundations of Jazz and Soul Music
Lester Young, Sarah Vaughan, Thelonius Monk, Smokey Robinson, Nina Simone,
Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Coleman Hawkins, Cannonball Adderley, Sonny Rollins
Dinah Washington, Billie Holliday, Milt Jackson, Carmen Macrae
Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Mingus, Dexter Gordan, Lil' Esther, Roberta Flack
Five Major Civil Rights Events
Montgomery Bus Boycott, March on Washington, Sit-ins at Segregated Restaurants
Selma March to Montgomery for Voting Rights, School Desegregation,
Links to African and African American Educational Resources
This is an updated listing of Africa related resources developed by the Academy with the assistance of Mr. Darrell Davis of Miami, Florida. These links are included in the "Selected Bibliography" on the Academy's Web site.
Online Research Topics
Conduct your research using http://www.google.com/ and entering your choice from the list below.
Africa World Press
Africa's Science and Indigenous Knowledge
African and African American Libraries
African American Educational Resources
African Origins of Science and Mathematics
African American Scholarships
African Diaspora in Latin America
African Traditional Religion
African Diaspora in Pan-African Perspective
African Science in School Curriculum
Africanism by Aloysious M. Lugira
Afro-Latin American Bibliography
Barron's Educational Series
Bibliography of Global History
Clyde A. Winters
COINTELPRO (FBI Counter Inteligence Program)
Dalitstan Organization Homepage`
Edward R. Hamilton
Global African Presence
HBCU (Historic Black Colleges and Universities
Internet School Library Media Center
Journal of African Civilizations
K-12 African American Educational Resources
Lynchings in America
McGraw Hill Children's Publishing
Muslim Scientists and Islamic Civilizations
Science and Eurocentrism
The African Origins by Muata Ashby
The Afroasiatic Project
UNESCO Collection of the History of Huma ity
Whiteness in America
Willie Lynch (How to Make a Slave)
Womanism (or Womanist)
World Religions, Beliefs, History, and Art
THE AFRICAN NATIONS
Students should by the end of Grade 6 be able to locate each country on a blank map of Africa, spell and pronounce the name of the country and its capital city. Teachers may also require students to give additional information on each country, for example, date of independence, population, religions, principal ethnic groups, and mineral resources.
Central African Republic
Le Cote d'lvoire (The Ivory Coast)
Republic of the Congo
Sao Tome & Principe
The Black Experience In America
The VHS tapes listed below were donated by Dr. and Mrs. Crosby with the assistance of the Department of Pan-African Studies, Kent State University. They have been placed in the Academy's Teacher Resource Library where they can viewed or signed out for lesson planning purposes and for selected classroom viewing in the upper grades. A complete list of the titles of each program covered in the series is found below.
1. African Beginnings
9. Africans & Colonial
America I: The South
17. Slavery as an Economic System
25. North of Slavery
| 32. Building Community: The
33. Revolutions Go Backwards I: The South
41. Seeking Community II: The South From
49. Black Music
57. Pride: Preface to Politics
This Series of 60 half-hour TV programs was produced by
© WTTW-Chicago (1973) and was written and narrated by Charles P. Branham.
The series was distributed by the Public Television Library, Bloomington,
Indiana. The consulting historian for the series was Dr. John Hope Franklin,
who was Professor of History, The University of Chicago, at the time.
to the Ida B. Wells Community Academy's Educational
Overview at http://hierographics.org/AcademyIndex.shtml.
This Web Page was developed for the Ida B. Wells Community Academy by HieroGraphics
Online. The Ida B. Wells photograph is from the Schomburg Collection, The
New York Public Library.
For More Information, Write or Call:
The Ida B. Wells Community Academy
ATTN: Ms. Angela M. Anderson
1180 Slosson Street
Akron, Ohio 44320-2730
Phone: 330.867.1085 FAX: 330.867.1074
Send e-Mail to:
Ms. Angela M. Anderson: IdaBWellsAcademy@Yahoo.Com
Dr. Edward W. Crosby: firstname.lastname@example.org
Updated on September 1, 2003