1180 Slosson Street, Akron, Ohio 44320-2730

African and African American Cultural

Learning Standards
Infusion Model

An Introductory Note

The Infusion Model's learning standards are presented under the focus areas (in bold) for each grade level – K thru 6 –  and indicate, but without any particular sequence order implied, what each grade level teacher should infuse into his or her lesson plans and all subject areas of the standards-based curriculum (see the sample Curriculum Matrix). That is, Language Arts, Social Studies, Citizenship, Science, Mathematics and Reading – for that particular standard. The focus areas are not given to limit or restrict the instructors' ability to choose the material they want their students to learn so long as they remain within their students capabilities. Those focus areas without suggested emphasis areas allow the teacher to search the Internet for relevant information. Moreover, it should be obvious that, if an instructor is unfamiliar with a focus area and / or standard, she / he can enter the subject, an individual's name, etc. in the Google search engine at: Google will, then, quickly retrieve a number of Web sites with information on the subject.

Using the Internet is easy; however, it will consume large amounts of time, for teachers will have to read, scan or peruse selectively the information found to see if it is exactly the information they are looking for, and, if not, continue to search. At the end of this Infusion Model, we have listed a number of links that address several of the areas suggested plus maps, African counting games, internet research subjects, Black Experience video tapes and several instruction aids. This should help reduce the time required to find suitable information. Moreover, it is, then, imperative for teachers to use the comprehensive Web links to educational resources in the Academy's "Selected African Education Focused Bibliography," on the Academy's Web site. This Webpage provides not only relevant links to cultural infusion resources but also provides teachers with a wealth of books on African and African American life, history and culture. Additional information on the Academy – its Board members, administrators, faculty, educational philosophy, registration and employment applications, and much more – can be accessed at:

Teachers are expected, during the course of the academic year, to teach as much as possible of each subject area suggested for each grade level. Teachers may, of course, have to make adjustments as they develop their lesson plans to assure their instruction of each subject area is grade specific and related to Ohio's standards-based curriculum. What is expected, moreover, is that teachers will have tried to have their students introduced to and learn as much as they can about Africa and African America in each grade. It is also expected that enterprising teachers will periodically – weekly, monthly and at the end of each grading period – examine their students to ascertain exactly how much their students have retained not only of the infused content, but also of the ODE mandated curriculum. Most importantly, all teachers are expected to study these Infusion Model standards carefully and, as members of a committed instructional team, offer to team members constructive criticisms, new ideas, possible teaching methodologies, suggestions for improvement, etc.                                       


Knowing Your World and Place in It

Find the United States on a Map of the World
Find Ohio and surrounding states on a Map of the United States
Find Africa, Europe, Asia, Australia, Iraq, Arabia, Russia, China on a Map of the World

Names of African Nations

Find any 10 of African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short description.

Locations of African Ethnic Groups

Locate these Ethnic Groups in African Nations: Yoroba, Masai, Kikuyu, Hausa, Ewe, Akan, Zulu
Locate where descendents of these Ethnic Groups may live in the United States

Names of Native Peoples and Languages Spoken in these Locations

South Africa, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Egypt, Guinea, Angola

Recitation: The Ida B. Wells Community Academy Pledge

(Should be memorized and displayed by overhead projection during Assemblies.)

I am a student of the Ida B. Wells Community Academy, and I want to learn.
I pledge to uphold all rules and policies the Academy has established.
I pledge to study a lot and to complete my home work assignments on time,
I pledge to attend school regularly and to always pay attention in class.
I pledge to be loyal, to show school spirit, to be proud and to respect myself,
My fellow students, my teachers, my parents, and the Academy.
I pledge to strive for excellence in my studies and to learn to read by reading.
I pledge to be proud of my community, my neighborhood, and my home.
                                        I pledge never to forget the greatness of my African and African American heritage.
                        I pledge to behave at the Academy, at home, and in the community according to                        

The NGUZO SABA – The Seven Principles

                                                     This pledge I make freely with loyalty, enthusiasm, concern and understanding.


Names of African Nations

Find any 20 African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short national details.
Names of Classical African Civilizations
Kush, Axum, Nubia, Songhay, Ghana, Egyptian, Meroe,
Mali, Great Zimbabwe, Kanem Bornu

Names of Early African Explorers In the Americas and Elsewhere

Abu Bakari II, Estavanico, Pedro Alonzo Nino, Mandingo Merchants, Nuflo de Olano
Kashkash Ibn Saeed ibn Aswad, Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, Ibn Battuta, Leo Africanus
Martin R. Delany, Matthew A. Henson

African Americans in the American West

Bill Pickett, Deadwood Dick, Jim Pierson Beckwourth, Isom Dart
Nat Love, Mammy Pleasant, Willis Meade

Names of the Rivers of Africa

Niger, Congo, Zambezi, Limpopo, Nile (White and Blue), Orange, Volta, Benue

Memorizing the Academy Pledge


Names of African Nations

Find any 30 African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short national details.

Names of Rivers, Deserts, and Mountains of Africa

Niger, Congo, Zambizi, Limpopo, Nile, Sahara, Kalahari, Atlas Mountains,
Mt. Kilimanjaro, Mountains of the Moon

How Africans Came to America

pre-Columbian Explorers, Indentured Servants, Enslaved Africans

Those Who Came as Visitors

Abu Bakari II: Africa's Greatest Explorer, Estavanico, Cinque and the Amistad

Those Who Were Forced to Come Against Their Will

Akan, Yoruba, Twi, Mandingo, Moors, Hausa, lgbo, Fulani
Senufo, Malinke, Guro, Ewe, Berbers

Kwanzaa: Founder, Purpose, Meaning

Founded in 1965 by Dr. Maulana Karenga
See his Kwanzaa: Origin, Concepts, Practice. San Diego: Kawaida Publications, 1977


Names of African Nations

Find any 35 African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short national details.

What Enslavement was Like

The Slave Family, The Peculiar Institution, Slave Narratives
Life of Olaudah Equiano (Gustavus Vassa), Soloman Northup

How Africans Resisted Enslavement

Maroonage, Slave Revolts, Steal Away, Puffin' Ole Massa On, Underground Railroad
Martin R. Delany, Frederic Douglass, Henry Highland Garnet, Edward W ilmot Blyden

David Walker, Nat Turner, Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth

Walker's Appeal, Nat Turner's Revolt, Sojourner's "Ain't I a Woman" Speech,
Harriet Tubman: Moses of Her People

Take the Underground Railroad with

Harriet Tubman, William Grant Still, Levi Coffin

Ancient Egypt and Nubia

Seven Principles of Kwanzaa

Umoja, Kujichagulia, Ujima, Ujamaa, Nia, Kuumba, Imani


Names of African Nations

Find any 40 African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short national details.

Five Great Spirituals: The Epics of a People

"Precious Lord, Take My Hand," "Go Down Moses"
"I've Been 'Buked, I've Been Scorned,” “His Eye Is On the Sparrow"
"Amazing Grace," "Swing Low Sweet Chariot"

African American Inventors -- Men and Women

Lewis H. Latimer, Virgie Simmons, George Washington Carver, Louise H. Andrews
Norbert Rillieux, Patricia Bath, MD, Granville T. Woods, Miriam E. Benjamin
Garrett A. Morgan, Theora Stephens, Madam C.J. Walker, Elijah McCoy

Harlem Renaissance: What Was It?

The Great Mass Movements of

Pap Singleton, Bishop Henry McNeil Turner, Marcus Garvey, Noble Drew Ali
Sweet Daddy Grace, Father Divine

African American: Writers

Langston Hughes, Paul Lawrence Dunbar, Claude McKay, CounteeCullen
Gwendolyn Brooks, W.E.B. DuBois, Henry Dumas, Maya Angelou, James Baldwin
Margaret Walker, Alice Walker, Ama Bontemps, Toni Cade Bambara

From Phyllis Wheatley to Toni Morrison:
African American Women Writers

For a general alphabetical listing, click here:

Ancient Axum


Names of African Nations

Find any 45 African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short national details.

Ghana, Mali, and Songhay Civilizations

Biographies of Famous African Americans

Life of Ida B. Wells

Life of Benjamin Banneker

Life of Charles Drew

Life of Daniel Hale Williams

Life of Mary Mcleod Bethune

African American Artists: Dancers, Musicians, Painters

Katherine Dunham, Elizabeth Catlett, John Biggers, Charles White, Pearl Primus
Henry Ossawa Tanner, Jacob Lawrence, Sissieretta Jones, Duke Ellington
Count Bassie, Josephine Baker, Bessie Smith

Against the Odds: African American Athletes and Scientists

Charles Drew, George Washington Carver, Jack Johnson, "Hammering Hank" Armstrong
Jim Brown, Percy Lavon Julian, Mamie "Peanut" Johnson, Ernest Just, Jesse Owens, Joe Lewis, Pele,
Henry Aaron, Daniel Hale Williams, Althea Gipson,

Overcoming Racism and Apartheid at Home and Abroad

Ida B. Wells, Frederick Douglass, Martin R.-Delany, Martin Luther King Jr.
W.E.B. Du Bois, Oliver Tambo, Malcolm X, Walter White, Nelson Mandela
Queen Mother Moore, Mary McLeod Bethune


Names of African Nations

Find all 53 African nations on a blank Map of Africa and give their names and short national details.

Capital Cities of Modern African Nations

Give the capital cities for all 53 African nations.

Ten Historical Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)

Tuskegee University, Spelman College, Atlanta University, Hampton
Howard University, Lincoln University (Pa), Morehouse, Bethune-Cookman
Wilberforce, Texas Southern, Dillard University

African and African American Folklore and Proverbs

John Henry, Stagolee, Brer Rabbit, People Who Could Fly, Signifying Monkey, High John the Conqueror
Ananse Tales, Dolomite, Jack and the Devil's Daughter, The Old man Who Wouldn't Take Advice

Read Langston Hughes

Read Paul Laurence Dunbar

Read Zora Neale Hurston

The Foundations of Jazz and Soul Music

Lester Young, Sarah Vaughan, Thelonius Monk, Smokey Robinson, Nina Simone,
Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Coleman Hawkins, Cannonball Adderley, Sonny Rollins
Dinah Washington, Billie Holliday, Milt Jackson, Carmen Macrae
Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Mingus, Dexter Gordan, Lil' Esther, Roberta Flack

Five Major Civil Rights Events

Montgomery Bus Boycott, March on Washington, Sit-ins at Segregated Restaurants
Selma March to Montgomery for Voting Rights, School Desegregation,

The Black Experience In America

This Series of 60 half-hour VHS tapes, donated by Dr. Crosby, will be placed in the Academy's
library where they can viewed or signed out for lesson planning purposes.
A complete list of the titles of each program covered in the series is found below.

Links to African and African American Educational Resources

This is an updated listing of Africa related information provided by Mr. Darrell Davis of Miami, Florida, and included in the "Selected Bibliography" section of the Academy's Web site.

Maps of Africa, the United States and the World

        •    Map of Africa I (Political):
        •    Map of Africa 11 (Reference):
        •    Maps of Africa and All African Nations:
        •    Africa Map Puzzle:
        •    Interactive Map of Africa:
        •    United States Map Puzzle:
        •    Mega Maps of the United States and the World:

Africa Counts

        •    Omweso in Uganda:
        •    Mancala, an African Counting Game:
        •    African Counting Games:

Online Research Topics

Conduct your research using and typing your choice in the appropriate search space.

Africa World Press
Africa's Science and Indigenous Knowledge
African and African American Libraries
African American Educational Resources
African Origins of Science and Mathematics
African Philosophy
African American Scholarships
African Centered
African Diaspora in Latin America
African Traditional Religion
African Timelines
African Diaspora in Pan-African Perspective
African Mathematics
African Science in School Curriculum
Africanism by Aloysious M. Lugira
Afro-Asian Committee
Afro-Latin American Bibliography
Afroasiatic Languages
Afrocentric Studies
Afrocentric Books
Afrocentric Resources
Afrocentric Libraries
Bargain Books `
Barron's Educational Series
Bibliography of Global History
Black Studies
Clyde A. Winters
COINTELPRO (FBI Counter Inteligence Program)
Dalitstan Organization Homepage
Diaspora Bibliography
Dorling Kindersley
Edward R. Hamilton
Global African Presence
HBCU (Historic Black Colleges and Universities
Internet School Library Media Center
Jim Crow
Journal of African Civilizations
K-12 African American Educational Resources
Karnak House
Lynchings in America
McGraw Hill Children's Publishing
McGraw Hill
Muslim Scientists and Islamic Civilizations
Rudolf Steiner
Science and Eurocentrism
The African Origins by Muata Ashby
The Sudroid
The Afroasiatic Project
UNESCO Collection of the History of Huma ity
White Privilege
Whiteness in America
Whiteness Studies
Willie Lynch (How to Make a Slave)
Womanism (or Womanist)
World Religions, Beliefs, History, and Art


Burkina Faso
Central African Republic
Equatorial Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Le Cote d'lvoire (The Ivory Coast)
Republic of the Congo
Sao Tome & Principe
Sierra Leone
South Africa
The Gambia

The Black Experience in America VHS Video Tape Series

The Complete Series of 60 half-hour VHS tapes is in the Academy's Library / Teacher Resource Room
and can be viewed or checked out for lesson planning purposes.


    1.  African Beginnings
    2.  African Communities !: Traditional Societies
    3.  African Communities II: West African Kingdoms
    4.  Atlantic Slave Trade I: Competition for Slaves
    5.  Atlantic Slave Trade II: Impact on African Life
    6.  Atlantic Slave Trade III: The Business of Slaving
    7.  Atlantic Slave Trade IV: Middle Passage
    8.  Atlantic Slave Trade V: Seasoning in the Islands


      9.  Africans & Colonial America I: The South
    10.  Africans & Colonial America II: The North
    11.  Slavery and Racism in Historical Debate
    12.  The Contagion of Liberty I: The War
    13.  The Contagion of Liberty II: The Aftermath
    14.  The Black Community I: The Haitian Revolt
    15.  The Black Community II: Institution Building
    16.  The Black Community III: The Varieties of Black Experience


     17.  Slavery as an Economic System
     18.  Slavery as a Social System
     19.  Comparative Slave Systems
     20.  Slavery in the Cities
     21.  Slavery and Personality
     22.  Patterns of Slave Resistance
     23.  The Antebellum South I: The Meaning of Slavery
     24.  The Antebellum South II: The Limits of Freedom


     25.  North of Slavery
     26.  Abolition I: The Problem of Coalition
     27.  Abolition II: The Political Question
     28.  The Crisis of the 1850's
     29.  Blacks in the Civil War
     30.  Freedom!
     31.  Reconstructing the Nation: The Crucial Years -- 1864-1866     
     32.  Building Community: The Freedmen


     33.  Revolutions Go Backwards I: The South
     34.  Revolutions Go Backwards II: The Nation
     35.  Revolutions Go Backwards III: Redemption
     36.  I Am Jim Craw
     37.  Institution Building: Tuskegee
     38.  The Crisis of National Leadership
     39.  Radicals and Conservatives
     40.  Seeking Community I: The North From 1877-1900


     41.  Seeking Community II: The South From 1877-1900
     42.  Seeking Community III: The Exodus
     43.  Seeking Community IV: African Exodus
     44.  Seeking Community V: The Migration
     45.  The Urban Experience
     46.  Institution Building: Harlem
     47.  Institution Building: Chicago
     48.  Violence: The Tragic Legacy


     49.  Black Music
     50.  The New Negro I Harlem Renaissance
     51.  The New Negro II: Nationalism and Garveyism
     52.  National Crisis: The Limits of Politics
     53.  Internal Crisis: The Definition of Politics
     54.  The Black Worker
     55.  The Black Family
     56.  Black Literature in the 20th Century


     57.  Pride: Preface to Politics
     58.  Civil Rights: The Evolution of Tactics
     59.  Towards a New Community I: The Search for Alternatives
     60.  Towards a New Community II: The Experience of Blackness

This Black Experience series is donated by Dr. Edward W. Crosby, Kent, Ohio, from his VHS Video Cassette Collection.


For More Information

Call: 330.867.1085   FAX: 330.867.1074
Write to

ATTN: Ms. Angela M Anderson, Chief Administrative Officer

The Ida B. Wells Community Academy
1180 Slosson Street
Akron, Ohio  44320-2730
Send e-Mail to either of the addresses below

For detailed information, visit the Academy's Official Web Site at:      

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